How to Save Afghanistan’s Groundwater? 

The Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) today launched its recent research Issues Paper, “Surface Groundwater Interaction in the Kabul Region Basin”, authored by Dr Najibullah Sadid and generously funded by the European Union (EU). This paper is part of the EU three-pronged research effort into essential areas of Natural Resources Management (NRM) project.

The paper quantifies the groundwater recharge rates in central Kabul, upper Kabul/Paghman, Logar, Shamali and Panjsher sub-basins. The study applies three approaches such basin-scale water budget balance, river reach length water balance and groundwater mounding, using Hantush’s groundwater growth equation to estimate the water surplus/deficit, transmission losses through riverbeds and groundwater recharge rates, respectively.

“This research is very timely and critical as we are currently facing serious shortage of groundwater across the country. I hope this paper contributes to better policy planning and opens up the broader space to see how different stakeholders can assist in saving our groundwater,” said Dr Orzala Nemat, the AREU Director. “I am taking this opportunity to acknowledge the full support of the government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, in particular the Ministry of Water and Energy and their teams for the provision of technical equipment which made this study possible,” she added.

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